Gardens, Landscape, and Architecture

Birnbaum, Charles A., and Robin Karson. Pioneers of American Landscape Design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 

Cobbett, William. The American Gardener. Originally published 1819. New York: Random House, 2010.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill & Wang, 1983.

Davies, Jane. A. J. Davis and American Classicism. Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 1989.    

Davis, Alexander Jackson. Rural Residences. Originally published 1837. New York: DaCapo Press, 1980.

Downing, Andrew Jackson. The Architecture of Country Houses.  New York:D. Appleton & Co., 1861. 

-----. The Fruit and Fruit Trees of North America. Albany, NY: Luther Tucker, 1845.  

-----. A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening. New York:  A.O. Moore & Co., 1859. 

-----. Rural Essays. Reprint of 1853 edition, with new introduction by George B. Tatum. New York: Da Capo Press, 1974.

-----, ed. The Horticulturist, and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste. Wiley & Putnam. 1846-1852. 

Glacken, Clarence J. Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1967. 

Griswold, Mac and Eleanor Weller. The Golden Age of American Gardens: Proud Owners, Private Estates, 1890 – 1940. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1991.

Hatch, Peter J. The Fruits and Fruit Trees of Monticello: Thomas Jefferson and the Origins of American Horticulture. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1998.   

Hill, May Brawley. Furnishing the Old-Fashioned Garden: Three Centuries of American Summer Houses, Dovecotes, Pergolas, Privies, Fences & Birdhouses. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998.  

Israel, Barbara. Antique Garden Ornament: Two Centuries of American Taste. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999. 

Johnson, Kathleen Eagen. Beauty & the Brick: Illustrated Books & Nineteenth-Century Domestic Design. Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 2002.   

Leighton, Ann. American Gardens of the Nineteenth Century,“For Comfort and Affluence.” Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, 1987. 

Major, Judith K. To Live in the New World: A. J. Downing and American Landscape Gardening. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997. 

Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. Revised edition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.  

Otis, Denise. Grounds for Pleasure: Four Centuries of the American Garden. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2002. 

Peck, Amelia. Lyndhurst: A Guide to House and Landscape. Washington, DC: The National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1998.    

-----, and Jane B. Davies. Alexander Jackson Davis, American Architect. New York: Rizzoli, 1992.    

Rogers, Elizabeth Barlow, Elizabeth S. Eustis, and John Bidwell. Romantic Gardens: Nature, Art, and Landscape Design. Boston: David R. Godine, 2010.

Schuyler, David. Apostle of Taste, Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815-1852. Baltimore: John Hopkins University, 1996.  

Sweeting, Adam. Reading Houses and Building Books: Andrew Jackson Downing and the Architecture of Popular Antebellum Literature, 1835-1855.  Hanover, NH:  University Press of New England, 1996. 

Tankard, Judith B. The Gardens of Ellen Biddle Shipman. Sagaponack, NY: Sagapress, 1996.

Tatum, George B., and Elisabeth Blair MacDougall, eds. Prophet With Honor: The Career of Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815-1852. Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, 11. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 1989.    

Thornton, Tamara Plakins. Cultivating Gentlemen: The Meaning of Country Life Among the Boston Elite, 1785-1860. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. 

Tice, Patricia M. Gardening in America, 1830-1910. Rochester, NY: The Margaret Woodbury Strong Museum, 1984.

Toole, Robert M. Landscape Gardens on the Hudson, a History: The Romantic Age, the Great Estates & the Birth of American Landscape Architecture. Hensonville, NY: Black Dome Press, 2010.

Wilson, Richard Guy. The Colonial Revival House. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2004.  

Woods, May, and Arete Swartz Warren.  Glasshouses:  A History of Greenhouses, Orangeries and Conservatories. New York: Rizzoli, 1988. 


Women’s History

Berkin, Carol. Revolutionary Mothers: Women in the Struggle for America's Independence. New York: Alfred Knopf, 2005. 

Bonta, Marcia M. Women in the Field: America’s Pioneering Women Naturalists. College Station, TX: Texas A&M, 1991. 

-----. American Women Afield: Writings by Pioneering Women Naturalists. Louise Lindsey Merrick Natural Environment Series. College Station, TX: Texas A & M University Press, 1995.

Brown, Jane. Beatrix: The Gardening Life of Beatrix Jones Farrand, 1872-1959. New York: Viking, 1995.

Close, Leslie Rose. “Women Landscape Designers.” In Women Designers in the USA, 1900-2000: Diversity and Difference, edited by Pat Kirkham. New York: Bard Graduate Center, 2000, 329-346.

Cooper, Susan Fenimore. Rural Hours. Reprint of 1887 edition, with introduction by David Jones. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1968.

Gianquitto, Tina. Good Observers of Nature: American Women and the Scientific Study of the Natural World, 1820-1885. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2007.   

Merchant, Carolyn. The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Harper & Row, 1980. 

-----. Reinventing Eden: The Fate of Nature in Western Culture. New York: Routledge, 2003. 

Norwood, Vera. Made From This Earth: Women and Nature. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.   

Rudolph, Emanuel D. “Women in Nineteenth-Century American Botany: A Generally Unrecognized Constituency.” American Journal of Botany 69 (1982): 1346-55.

Stein, Rachel. Shifting the Ground: American Women Writers’ Revisions of Nature, Gender, and Race. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia, 1997.  


Regional and Topical History

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000.

Bruegel, Martin. Farm, Shop, Landing: The Rise of a Market Society in the Hudson Valley, 1780-1860. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.      

Burns, Sarah. Pastoral Inventions: Rural Life in Nineteenth-Century American Art and Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989. 

Bushman, Richard L. The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities. New York: Vintage Books, 1993. 

Dunwell, Frances. The Hudson: America's River. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.

Gronim, Sara S. Everyday Nature: Knowledge of the Natural World in Colonial New York. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. 

Hedrick, Ulysses Prentiss. A History of Agriculture in the State of New York. New York: Hill and Wang, 1933 rep. 1966. 

History of Delaware County, 1797-1880. New York: W. W. Munsell & Co., 1880. 

Huston, Reeve. Land and Freedom: Rural Society, Popular Protest, and Party Politics in Antebellum New York. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.  

Jacoby, Karl. Crimes Against Nature: Squatters, Poachers, Thieves, and the Hidden History of American Conservation. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2001. 

Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin, Amy Ellis, and Maureen Miesmer. Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum of Art. Hartford, CT: Wadsworth Museum of Art, 2003. 

Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal. New York:  Oxford University Press, 1964. 

McCurdy, Charles. The Anti-Rent Era in New York Law and Politics, 1839-1865. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Novak, Barbara. Nature and Culture: American Landscape and Painting. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.   

O’Donnell, Patricia M., Charles A. Birnbaum, and Cynthia Zaitzevsky. Cultural Landscape Report for Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site; Volume 1:  Site History, Existing Conditions, and Analysis.Cultural Landscape Publication No. 1, 1992, Boston, MA:  United States Department of the Interior (National Park Service, North Atlantic Region, Division of Cultural Resource Management, Cultural Landscape Program).   

Philip, Leila. A Family Place: A Hudson Valley Farm, Three Centuries, Five Wars, One Family. New York: Viking Press, 1991. 

Roosevelt, Theodore. Theodore Roosevelt’s Diaries of Boyhood and Youth. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1928. 

Schiebinger, Londa, and Claudia Swan, eds. Colonial Botany: Science, Commerce, and Politics in the Early Modern World. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. 

Summerhill, Thomas. Harvest of Dissent. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2005.

Toole, Robert M. “Hans Jacob Ehlers: ‘the profession of a landscape gardener, principally upon the banks of the Hudson.’” The Hudson Valley Regional Review 15, No. 1 (March 1998): 1-44.

Van Zandt, Roland. Chronicles of the Hudson: Three Centuries of Travelers’ Accounts. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1971. 

Voorsanger, Catherine Hoover, and John K. Howat. Art and the Empire City: New York, 1825 – 1861. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. 

Williams-Myers, A.J. Long Hammering: Essays on the Forging of an African American Presence in the Hudson River Valley to the Early Twentieth Century. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1994.


Montgomery Place

Babbitt, Katherine M. Janet Montgomery: Hudson River Squire. Monroe, NY: Library Research Associates, 1975. 

Butler, Joseph T. “Montgomery Place Revisited.” The Magazine Antiques 134, no. 2 (August 1988): 294-303.

 Delafield, John Ross. “Montgomery Place, Barrytown, New York.” The American Architect 132, no. 2530 (October 5, 1927): 421-426. 

Downing, Andrew Jackson. [A Visit to Montgomery Place] inThe Horticulturist, and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste 2, no. 4 (October, 1847): 153-160. 

Ehlers, Hans Jacob. Defence Against Abuse and Slander with some strictures on Mr. Downing’s Book on Landscape Gardening. New York: Wm. C. Bryant & Co., 1852.

Eliot, Charles. “Montgomery Place” reprinted in Charles Eliot, Landscape Architect. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1903, 253-256. 

Gabriel, Richard P. Major. General Richard Montgomery: Making of an American Hero. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University, 2002. 

Haley, Jacquetta. Pleasure Grounds: Andrew Jackson Downing and Montgomery Place. Tarrytown, NY:  Sleepy Hollow Press, 1988. 

Johnson, Kate Eagen. "Montgomery Place Installation Plan." Pocantico Hills, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 2012.

Johnson, Kate Eagen and Timothy Steinhoff. Art of the Landscape: Sunnyside, Montgomery Place and Romanticism. Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 1997. 

Roberts, Cokie. Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation. New York: Harper Collins, 2004. 

Shelton, Hal. General Richard Montgomery and the American Revolution, From Redcoat to Rebel. New York: New York University Press, 1996. 

Vetare, Margaret L. "Montgomery Place Interpretive Plan." Pocantico Hills, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 2012.

White, V. S. "The Tylostomaceae of North America," in Contributions from the New York Botanical Garden, no. 17. New York, 1901.

-----, "The Nidulariaceae of North America," in Contributions from the New York Botanical Garden, no. 24. New York, 1902.

-----, "Some Mt. Desert Fungi," in Contributions from the New York Botanical Garden, no. 27. New York, 1902.

Yarnell, Sophia. “Montgomery Place, An American Scene, Barrytown, New York.” Country Life & The Sportsman LXXVI (1939).


Historic Hudson Valley Reports

Beyer, Blinder & Belle. “Annandale-On-Hudson, Phase I: Survey and Analysis.” Prepared for Historic Hudson Valley, June 2, 1987.  

Davies, Jane B. “Alexander J. Davis at Montgomery Place.” Prepared for Sleepy Hollow Restorations (Historic Hudson Valley), 1986.   

Goddard, Pamela. “A History of the ‘By No Means Beautiful Village’ of Annandale.” Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 1988.   

Haley, Jacquetta H. “The Creation of A Country Estate, Montgomery Place, 1802-1986.” Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 1988. 

-----“Montgomery Place Chronologies, Relating to the Development of the House, The Estate and Biographical Information Relating to the Owners.” Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 1988. 

Hartgen Archeological Associates. “Archeological Investigation of the Pumpkin Patch Site, Montgomery Place, Annandale-on-Hudson, Dutchess Co; N.Y.” Prepared for Historic Hudson Valley, 1989.  

Hudsonia Ltd. “Montgomery Place Environmental Studies, Town of Red Hook, Dutchess County, New York.” Edited by Erik Kiviat. Prepared for Historic Hudson Valley, 1991.   

Mendel, Mesick, Cohen, Waite, & Hall. “Montgomery Place: Historic Structure Report.” Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley, 1989.