Timeline

Montgomery Place illustrates Americans’ changing relationship with nature and landscape over time.
Developments at the estate were often made as a result of other regional and national events. Use the Timeline to see how key dates for Montgomery Place relate to key dates in regional and national environmental history.

1800-1850

1795-1816

English landscape designer Humphry Repton publishes three treatises on landscape gardening

 

 

1791-1804

Haitian Revolution against French rule

 

 

1801

Dr. David Hosack establishes Elgin Botanical Gardens in NYC

 

 

1802

Janet Montgomery buys Benthuysen’s 242-acre farm, the precursor to Janet’s farm and estate Learn More...

 

 

1803

Benjamin Smith Barton publishes Elements of Botany, first American textbook on botany, in Philadelphia

 

Janet’s brother Robert R. Livingston negotiates the Louisiana Purchase from Napoleon

 

 

1804

Nursery business established at Montgomery Place Learn More...

 

 

1804-05

Janet Montgomery’s federal-style house, which she calls  Château de Montgomery, built Learn More...

 

 

1804-06

Lewis & Clark expedition to the Pacific Coast

 

 

1805

Edward Livingston marries Louise D’avezac in New Orleans

 

 

1806

Cora Livingston born to Louise and Edward Livingston in New Orleans

 

Bernard McMahon publishes The American Gardener’s Calendar in Philadelphia

 

 

1807

Robert Fulton launches first commercially viable steamship on the Hudson River

 

 

1812-15

War of 1812

 

 

1815

American victory over the British in Battle of New Orleans

 

 

1815-22

Jacques Gerard Milbert sketches picturesque views of North America, including the falls on the Sawkill at Montgomery Place Learn More...

 

 

1818

Richard Montgomery’s remains transferred from Quebec to New York

 

 

1819

Washington Irving publishes The Sketchbook of Geoffrey Crayon which contains “Rip Van Winkle” and “Legend of Sleepy Hollow”

 

 

1820s

James Fenimore Cooper begins publishing his “Leatherstocking” novels

 

 

1823

Montgomery Place head gardener Alexander Gilson born on the estate Learn More...

 

 

1824-25

Marquis de LaFayette tours the United States

 

 

1825

Thomas Cole’s earliest landscapes of the Hudson Valley inspire art movement known as the Hudson River School

 

Erie Canal opens, making NY a leading American city and center of wealth

 

 

1827

Slavery outlawed in New York Learn More...

 

 

1828

Janet Montgomery dies

 

 

1831

Mt. Auburn Cemetery established in Boston as first landscaped cemetery in the. U.S.

 

Edward Livingston appointed Secretary of State under President Andrew Jackson

 

 

1831-33

Edward, Louise, and Cora Livingston live in Decatur House in Washington DC Learn More...

 

 

1833

Cora Livingston marries Thomas P. Barton

 

Edward Livingston appointed US Minister to France

 

 

1836

Edward Livingston dies

 

Ralph Waldo Emerson anonymously publishes “Nature,” essay seminal to American Transcendentalism

 

 

1837-41

Kinderhook resident Martin Van Buren is president of the U.S.

 

 

1840

Gothic conservatory, designed by F. Catherwood, built Learn More...

 

 

1841

Louise Livingston and neighbor make a scenic conservation covenant to protect the Sawkill ravine; Alexander Gilson becomes head gardener Learn More...

 

 

1841-44

Architect A. J. Davis designs first additions to the mansion (south wing, north pavilion, west portico) Learn More...

 

 

1845

Cora L. Barton works with A. J. Downing to design formal gardens near conservatory

 

Anti-Rent tensions between tenant farmers and government peak with shooting death of sheriff near Delphi, NY

 

 

1846

Thomas P. Barton begins planting arboretum

 

 

1847

Landscape designer A. J. Downing describes the beauties of Montgomery Place in The Horticulturist Learn More...

 

 

1849

H. J. Ehlers provides Montgomery Place arboretum design for Thomas P. Barton